Using K-Means clustering to export a NeRF for faster rendering in CG applications while preserving view-dependent appearance

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Abstract

With the current state-of-the-art research, exporting a NeRF to a mesh has the side effect of having to evaluate a Multi Layer Perceptron at render-time, causing a significant decrease in performance. We have found a way to use K-Means clustering to pre-compute values for this MLP, storing them in multiple octahedron maps for the GPU to fetch when it's time to render the object. This improves render times by a factor of 3-4x.