Prehydration of calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) clinker at different relative humidities

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Abstract

The use of CSA cement in practice has been hindered by its unstable performance and short shelf-life caused by the prehydration of CSA clinker. In this study, the effect of ambient humidity on the prehydration rate and process of CSA clinker was investigated. The prehydration degree, ageing progress, and the dynamic change of mineral composition of CSA clinker exposed to five different relative humidities (ranging from 23% to 98%) for up to 180 days were studied. Experiments revealed that the ambient humidity of 60% RH can be considered a threshold value for storage of CSA clinker. Exposure of CSA clinker to RH higher than 60% will not only result in a significant decrease of hydraulic reactivity, but also in agglomeration of the clinker. Although the exposure of CSA clinker to RH lower than 60% has little effect on the hydraulic reactivity, the main hydration peak was found to be slightly delayed with the increase of RH.