Development of a Circuit-Type Multiple-Agile Beamforming and Interference Mitigation Network

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An innovative reconfigurable beamforming network concept for multiple high-gain agile and mutually zero-forced beam generation is proposed. Four-port couplers and variable phase shifters are used to synthesize the network. A 2 beam by 7 element beam former is designed and fabricated as proof of concept. A static scenario with the two beams separated by the approximated array beamwidth is considered in the prototype. At the operating frequency of 9 GHz, based on the array factor using the measured scattering parameters, it is demonstrated that the null levels stay below -37 dB, while the beam weights remain close to uniform for the best efficiency.