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Drijkoningen, G.G. (author), Rademakers, F. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
Ground coupling are terms that describe the transfer from seismic ground motion to the motion of a geophone. In previous models, ground coupling was mainly considered as a disk lying on top of a half-space, not considering the fact that in current practice geophones are spiked and are buried for optimal response. In this paper we introduce a new...
journal article 2006
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author)
In 1968, Jon Claerbout showed that the reflection response of a 1D acoustic medium can be reconstructed by autocorrelating the transmission response. Since then, several authors have derived relationships for reconstructing Green's functions at the surface, using crosscorrelations of (noise) recordings that were taken at the surface and that...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The term seismic interferometry refers to the principle of generating new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. The first version of this principle was derived by Claerbout (1968), who showed that the reflection response of a horizontally layered medium can be synthesized from the...
journal article 2006
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Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Larner, K. (author)
Seismic interferometry is a technique for estimating the Green's function that accounts for wave propagation between receivers by correlating the waves recorded at these receivers. We present a derivation of this principle based on the method of stationary phase. Although this derivation is intended to be educational, applicable to simple media...
journal article 2006
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
Current multiple-removal algorithms in seismic processing use either differential moveout or predictability. If the differential moveout between primaries and multiples is small, prediction is the only option available. In the last decade, multidimensional prediction-error filtering by weighted convolution, such as surface-related multiple...
journal article 2006
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Stoffa, P.L. (author), Sen, M.K. (author), Seifoullaev, R.K. (author), Pestana, R. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
We present fast and efficient plane-wave migration methods for densely sampled seismic data in both the source and receiver domains. The methods are based on slant stacking over both shot and receiver positions (or offsets) for all the recorded data. If the data-acquisition geometry permits, both inline and crossline source and receiver...
journal article 2006
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Jocker, J. (author), Spetzler, J. (author), Smeulders, D.M.J. (author), Trampert, J. (author)
Ultrasonic measurements of acoustic wavefields scattered by single spheres placed in a homogenous background medium (water) are presented. The dimensions of the spheres are comparable to the wavelength and the wavelength and represent both positive (rubber) and negative (teflon) velocity anomalies with respect to the background medium. The...
journal article 2006
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Thorbecke, J. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The common-focus-point technology (CFP) describes prestack migration by focusing in two steps: emission and detection. The output of the first focusing step represents a CFP gather. This gather defines a shot record that represents the subsurface response resulting from a focused source wavefield. We propose applying the recursive shot-record,...
journal article 2006
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Turhan Taner, M. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author), Treitel, S. (author), Kelamis, P.G. (author)
The statics problem, whether short wavelength, long wavelength, residual, or trim, has always been one of the more time-consuming and problematic steps in seismic data processing. We routinely struggle with issues such as poor signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio, cycle skipping, truncated refractors, wavelets with ambiguous first arrival times, etc....
journal article 2007
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Spetzler, J. (author), Sijacic, D. (author), Wolf, K.H.A.A. (author)
Time-lapse seismic monitoring is the geophysical discipline whereby multiple data sets recorded at the same location but at different times are used to locate and quantify temporal changes in the elastic parameters of the subsurface. We validate a time-lapse monitoring method by crosswell tomography using two types of wavefield-modeling...
journal article 2007
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Toxopeus, G. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Petersen, S. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The simulation of migrated and inverted data is hampered by the high computational cost of generating 3D synthetic data, followed by processes of migration and inversion. For example, simulating the migrated seismic signature of subtle stratigraphic traps demands the expensive exercise of 3D forward modeling, followed by 3D migration of the...
journal article 2008
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Chitu, D.A. (author), Al-Ali, M.N. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
In conventional migration velocity analysis methods, a velocity model is estimated that results in flattened events in common-image gathers. However, after this process, no information is available on the accuracy of this velocity model. A statistical analysis of velocity-model parameters is very difficult because of the integrated nature of the...
journal article 2008
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El Yadari, N. (author), Ernst, F. (author), Mulder, W. (author)
The effect of the near surface on seismic land data can be so severe that static corrections are insufficient. Full-waveform inversion followed by redatuming may be an alternative, but inversion will work only if the starting model is sufficiently close to the true model. As a first step toward determining a viscoelastic near-surface model, we...
journal article 2008
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Van der Burg, D. (author), Verdel, A. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Trace inversion for reservoir parameters is affected by angle averaging of seismic data and wavelet distortion on the migration image. In an alternative approach to stochastic trace inversion, the data are inverted prestack before migration using 3D dynamic ray tracing. This choice makes it possible to interweave trace inversion with Kirchhoff...
journal article 2009
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Campman, X. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Verdel, A. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
One application of seismic interferometry is to retrieve the impulse response (Green's function) from crosscorrelation of ambient seismic noise. Various researchers show results for retrieving the surface-wave part of the Green's function. However, reflection retrieval has proven more challenging. We crosscorrelate ambient seismic noise,...
journal article 2009
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Van Groenestijn, G.J.A. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
ost wave-equation-based multiple removal algorithms are based on prediction and subtraction of multiples. Especially for shallow water, the prediction strongly relies on a correct interpolation of the missing near offsets. The subtraction of predicted multiples from the data can easily lead to the distortion of primaries if primaries and...
journal article 2009
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
We have analyzed the far-field approximation of the Green's function representation for seismic interferometry. By writing each of the Green's functions involved in the correlation process as a superposition of a direct wave and a scattered wave, the Green's function representation is rewritten as a superposition of four terms. When the...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Campman, X. (author), Verdel, A. (author)
Seismic interferometry involves the crosscorrelation of responses at different receivers to obtain the Green's function between these receivers. For the simple situation of an impulsive plane wave propagating along the x-axis, the crosscorrelation of the responses at two receivers along the x-axis gives the Green's function of the direct wave...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Curtis, A. (author)
In the 1990s, the method of time-reversed acoustics was developed. This method exploits the fact that the acoustic wave equation for a lossless medium is invariant for time reversal. When ultrasonic responses recorded by piezoelectric transducers are reversed in time and fed simultaneously as source signals to the transducers, they focus at the...
journal article 2010
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El Allouche, N. (author), Drijkoningen, G.G. (author), Van der Neut, J.R. (author)
A widespread use of converted waves for shallow marine applications is hampered by spatial aliasing and field efficiency. Their short wavelengths require dense spatial sampling which often needs to be achieved by receivers deployed on the seabed. We adopted a new methodology where the dense spatial sampling is achieved in the common-receiver...
journal article 2010
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