Positive and Negative Photoconductivity in Ir Nanofilm-Coated MoO3 Bias-Switching Photodetector

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In this study, we delved into the influence of Ir nanofilm coating thickness on the optical and optoelectronic behavior of ultrathin MoO3 wafer-scale devices. Notably, the 4 nm Ir coating showed a negative Hall voltage and high carrier concentration of 1.524 × 1019 cm−3 with 0.19 nm roughness. Using the Kubelka–Munk model, we found that the bandgap decreased with increasing Ir thickness, consistent with Urbach tail energy suggesting a lower level of disorder. Regarding transient photocurrent behavior, all samples exhibited high stability under both dark and UV conditions. We also observed a positive photoconductivity at bias voltages of >0.5 V, while at 0 V bias voltage, the samples displayed a negative photoconductivity behavior. This unique aspect allowed us to explore self-powered negative photodetectors, showcasing fast response and recovery times of 0.36/0.42 s at 0 V. The intriguing negative photoresponse that we observed is linked to hole self-trapping/charge exciton and Joule heating effects.