Ports in Transition

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Ports worldwide are confronted with a changing environment in terms of global economy and a rising awareness of the necessity of balancing economic, social and environmental interests. Therefore, in recent years, a lot of research has been directed towards studying sustainable port development. However, the focus has been on greenfield ports, while little has been said about ports in transition. This paper presents a framework for sustainable development of ports in transition and applies it to the re-development of bay of Havana in Cuba.