Comprehensive Investigation of Promising Techniques to Enhance the Voltage Sharing among SiC MOSFET Strings, Supported by Experimental and Simulation Validations

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This paper comprehensively reviews several techniques that address the static and dynamic voltage balancing of series-connected MOSFETs. The effectiveness of these techniques was validated through simulations and experiments. Dynamic voltage-balancing techniques include gate signal delay adjustment methods, passive snubbers, passive clamping circuits, and hybrid solutions. Based on the experimental results, the advantages and disadvantages of each technique are investigated. Combining the gate-balancing core method with an RC snubber, which has proven both technically and commercially attractive, provides a robust solution. If the components are sorted and binned, voltage-balancing techniques may not be necessary, further enhancing the commercial viability of series-connected MOSFETs. An investigation of gate driver topologies yields one crucial conclusion: magnetically isolated gate drivers offer a simple and cost-effective solution for high-frequency (HF) applications (2.5–50 kHz) above 8 kV with an increased number of series devices. Below 8 kV, it is advantageous to move the isolation barrier from the gate drive IC to an optocoupler and isolated supply, allowing for a simple design with commercially available components.