Searched for: contributor%3A%22Makinwa%2C+K.A.A.+%28mentor%29%22
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Peng, Jida (author)
In this thesis, a low-power, high-accuracy BJT-based temperature sensor is proposed, which consists of two main parts: a BJT-based dual-mode front-end (DMFE) and a tracking Delta-Sigma-Modulator (DSM). The front-end employs vertical PNP transistors, which, compared to NPNs, exhibit fewer non-idealities when biased at nA-level currents. The...
master thesis 2024
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Kastratović, Sanja (author)
This thesis presents the design of a low-power, sub-1V, BJT-based temperature sensor. It is based on a capacitively-biased (CB) BJT front-end, in which capacitors are discharged across diode-connected BJTs to obtain proportional-to-temperature (PTAT) and complementary-to-temperature (CTAT) voltages. These voltages are then digitised by a...
master thesis 2023
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Li, Shenyang (author)
This thesis describes the design of a 3rd order 1-bit delta-sigma modulator whose input-signal range (0 to 1.95V) exceeds its supply voltage (1.2V). By using a passive input stage and a single-OTA resonator, this beyond-the-rails modulator realizes a 3rd order loop filter with only two amplifiers instead of the usual three and thus achieves...
master thesis 2023
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Gupta, Avish (author)
Flow sensing is essential in various industrial, commercial, and biomedical applications. Although many types of flow sensors exist, thermal flow sensors are widely used due to their simple sensing elements (heaters and temperature sensors) and low fabrication costs. A low-cost interface for thermal flow sensors can then be realized with a...
master thesis 2023
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Yang, Yufeng (author)
Event-based cameras promise new opportunities for smart vision systems deployed at the edge. Contrary to their conventional frame-based counterparts, event-based cameras generate temporal light intensity changes as events on a per-pixel basis, enabling ultra-low latency with microsecond-scale temporal resolution, low power consumption at...
master thesis 2023
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Kanli, Emre (author)
This thesis describes the design and simulation of a capacitively-coupled autozeroed and chopped operational amplifier in the TSMC high-voltage BCD 0.18 μm 5 V technology. It uses chopping and autozeroing to achieve high precision (10 μV offset and 50 nV/√Hz noise density) and a capacitively-coupled input stage to safely handle beyond-the-rails...
master thesis 2023
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De Vroe, Jens (author)
This work presents an analog front-end (AFE) signal processing chain for automotive FMCW LiDAR. The AFE consists of a high-gain transimpedance amplifier (TIA) followed by a gain-stage. The gain of the AFE is 103.2dBΩ at a bandwidth of 505MHz. Since the noise of FMCW-LiDAR systems is dominated by the shot noise of the local oscillator (LO), the...
master thesis 2023
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Tansel, Öykü (author)
Due to the precise lithography and highly pure silicon used in IC technology, thermal-diffusivity (TD) temperature sensors can achieve high accuracy without the need for trimming. TD sensors employ electrothermal filters (ETFs) to measure the thermal diffusivity of silicon, i.e. the rate at which heat diffuses through silicon, which is a well...
master thesis 2022
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An, Xiaomeng (author)
This paper presents a 0.01mm2 10MHz FLL-based RC frequency reference that does not require the use of resistors with complementary temperature coefficients (TCs), thus facilitating its implementation in a wide range of standard CMOS processes. Fabricated in a 0.18μm CMOS process, it achieves a frequency inaccuracy of ±0.28% from −45°C to 125°C...
master thesis 2022
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Pecanins Martínez, Victor (author)
Several techniques have been proposed to reduce the swing at the input stage of a CTDSM. One of these is using a simple passive RC input stage. In prior works, this increased in-band quantization noise. In this paper, we use positive feedback to realize complex-conjugate poles with a passive input stage, obtaining the same noise-shaping as an...
master thesis 2022
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Buduguppa, Aravind (author)
To prevent microprocessors from getting too hot or too cold, multiple temperature sensors are required to monitor their internal temperatures at different locations. Such sensors should be as compact as possible<br/>to maximize their usage in dense layouts and should be able to cover a wide temperature range. This thesis describes a compact...
master thesis 2022
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Grubor, Miloš (author)
This thesis describes the design of a digital backend for a resistor-based temperature sensor realized in a 180nm CMOS process. The sensor’s analog frontend outputs a bitstream at 500kHz, which is then decimated and linearized with the help of 3 different polynomials, whose coefficients are obtained after a calibration process. A polynomial...
master thesis 2022
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Mehrotra, Shubham (author)
Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) used in high fidelity audio applications require high linearity and a wide dynamic range (&gt;100 dB). Moreover, for use in portable electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, and hearing aids, these ADCs must also achieve high energy efficiency. This requirement of high linearity and high energy...
master thesis 2021
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Toth, Nandor (author)
This thesis presents an energy-efficient high-accuracy temperature sensor that combines a BJT front-end with a continuous-time readout circuit. Its front-end is based on PNP transistors, which, compared to NPNs, are more widely available in CMOS processes and less sensitive to stress. In this design, proportional-to-absolute-temperature (PTAT)...
master thesis 2021
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Sharma, Shrinidhi (author)
Integrated circuits (ICs) are susceptible to damage by Electrostatic Discharge (ESD), which necessitates protection diodes. However, these diodes can cause leakage currents in the range of picoamperes, dominating the input current of CMOS ICs. This thesis presents the implementation of a low leakage bootstrapped ESD protection circuit for...
master thesis 2021
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Mohamed Mahmoud Saad Hassan Saad, Mohamed (author)
This thesis presents a BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC). With a continuous-time readout, the TDC avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) TDCs. An energy-efficient BJT front-end generates single PTAT and CTAT currents for being digitized by a delta-sigma modulator through a linear...
master thesis 2020
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Meng, Xianglong (author)
Soil water-content sensors based on the measurement of soil impedance are widely used for the detection of rain-fall induced slope failure and other agriculture applications. In principle, low-leakage sensors can measure soil water content down to 4%, but they require readout systems capable of generating soil excitation signals at frequencies...
master thesis 2020
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Rautmare, Shardul (author)
Temperature threshold sensors facilitate temperature protection in microprocessors by indicating when the processor gets overheated or too cold. This thesis presents a BJT based temperature sensor with a programmable temperature threshold from -40°C to 150°C. Comparison of a CTAT voltage with a PTAT voltage gives a one-bit digital output when...
master thesis 2019
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John, Thomas (author)
Digital isolators are devices that connect one electrical system block to another over a galvanically isolating barrier. They allow electrical systems to communicate with each other even though they may operate at vastly different potentials. They also do the job of eliminating potentially damaging ground loops between the two systems. This...
master thesis 2019
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van Hoek, Vincent (author)
This thesis describes the design of an ultra-low power temperature to digital converter. It is intended to monitor the excess heat produced during the wireless charging of implantable medical devices such as pacemakers. The TDC is designed to achieve an accuracy of ±0.1 °C (3 sigma) from 27 °C to 47 °C, and ±0.3 °C (3 sigma) from -40 °C to 85 °C...
master thesis 2019
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